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Thursday, November 27, 2014

Mohd Shubhi  /  27.11.14  /    /  No comments
KOTA KINABALU: Deforestation is believed to help the spread of monkey malaria or P. knowlesi malaria in Sabah, Sarawak and other parts of the South East Asia region.

There is no better way of explaining how deforestation helps in the spread of monkey malaria than a recent front page Daily Express photograph of a troop of monkeys besieging a residential housing estate house in Likas.

The probable destruction of the monkeys' habitat for development or cash crop cultivation like oil palm, caused then to forage for food closer in contact with humans whether in the rural or urban setting. (source of image)

Mosquitoes sucks both monkey and human blood

Mosquitoes do not diffentiate between monkeys and humans, and the malaria parasites are transmitted from the infected blood of the monkeys to humans by the mosquito vectors.

The simian malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is known to cause fatality rate among infected patients unless properly treated.

The other two malaria types with high fatality rates are P. falciparum and P. vivex. "P. malariea almost never causes death and is benign. P. Knowlesi has a mortality rate of up to 3 per cent.

"P. Knowlesi malaria is only one of the diseases attributed to land use changes, who knows what other diseases are there from such activities," said Dr Timothy William, adding that more research and funding are needed to prove scientifically the various links or cause factors to conclusively ascertain comprehensively the true situation as land clearing causes migration of monkeys.

The Monkeybar Project

Dr Timothy William of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, who is also the Malaysian Principal Investigator of the 'Monkeybar' project, found out that 60 per cent of all malaria cases here are that of P. knowlesi.

In short, the 'Monkeybar' project encompasses study and research on the ecological and environment determinants of the zoonotic malaria P. knowlesi in Palawan, the Philippines and Sabah, Malaysia concentrating in the populated Kudat and and Banggi island areas.

It is a multi-disciplinary, integrated research programme to investigate the epidemiology of P. knowlesi.

"Interestingly, Palawan which is just a boat ride away from Kudat, Sabah is known to be free of P. knowlesi malaria," Dr Timothy said, although historically there were some cases there.

Sabah and Palawan is to have more shipping ties, with a cruise tourism venture between Kota Kinabalu and Puerto Princessa.

One known difference is that there is less deforestation on the island of Palawan from satellite imaginary.

This situation was highlighted at the internationally collaborated malaria study programme tagged 'Monkeybar' Stakeholders Meeting and Mid-Project Workshop scheduled from Nov 25 to 28 was launched at the Clinical Auditorium at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Tuesday was well attended by about a hundred doctors, nurses and tertiary institution researchers and some students.

Director of Queen Elizabeth Hospital here, Dr Heric Corray opened the 'Monkeybar' function with the aim of eventually controlling and eradicating malaria and prevent more deaths by the knowledge and research findings that will set the effective policy towards this goal.

It was hoped that a vaccine would soon be available to prevent the more common form of the malaria disease like P. falciparum.

Some experts opined that to control or eradicate monkey malaria, the vaccine should also be applied to the monkeys, but it would be near impossible to do so as the primates could not be made voluntarily to be available for inoculation.

According to Dr Timothy, the monkeys would remain a reservoir of the simian parasite Plasmodium knowlesi, even if a vaccine is available and all humans in the whole country are inoculated.

In Sabah, it was difficult to get accurate data on the number of illegal migrants, what more the number of primates and their locations.

An attendee suggested that pet monkeys should be licensed to control the risk factor. Dr Timothy said that human to human transmission for P. knowlesi malaria is not currently known or proven, but developing a vaccine for P. knowlesi malaria needs more study and is not possible in the near future given the number of infected patients needed for the application.

Some RM15 to 20 million are needed over the five years research period which is an on-going process involving medical clinical, computer IT – drone spatial experts, social science, entomology (mosquitoes), parasitology and primatology (monkeys) experts.

News from Daily Express

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Mohd Shubhi  /  26.11.14  /    /  No comments
Yes ! you read it right !. State of Perak are using army to take part in the fight against mosquitoes.

But they are not using any lethal weapons to fight against mosquitoes, instead they are using the most effective method to eradicate mosquitoes population, by clearing the breeding grounds.

Read below article from the star:

Army recruits took part in the fight against mosquitoes

IPOH: More than 300 Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) trainees and 100 army recruits took part in the fight against mosquitoes at Bercham New village by clearing the area of breeding grounds.

Organising chairman and Wataniah Perak Club chairman David Choi Kok Wai said the event was held at the new village for the first time.

Members of the security forces joined some 150 villagers and 100 Territorial Army Regi­ment members who combed the area stretching from Lorong Bercham 1 to Lorong Bercham 19 to remove containers and other objects that could hold stagnant water which could turn into breeding grounds for Aedes mosquitoes.

Drains that were clogged were also cleared so that water could flow freely.

“We understand that Bercham is one of the areas in Perak to have the highest number of dengue cases, and we want to do our part to minimise them,” Choi said during the start of the clean-up at SJKC Bercham yesterday.

“We have also invited the army and RMAF to assist with the gotong-royong," he said.

He added that their presence also promoted national unity while building rapport with residents. 

Residents minimise the chances of being bitten by the Aedes mosquito

Meanwhile, Bercham residents are already taking the precaution to minimise the chances of being bitten by the Aedes mosquito.

Shamsul Anuar, 45, says he tries to stay indoors as much as possible during the rainy season and makes sure the windows and doors are closed.

The lecturer at a polytechnic also said he would wear full length shirts and tracksuits when enjoying the outdoors at the Sultan Abdul Aziz Recreational Park here with his family.

“I usually come to the park at about 9am after breakfast for my morning walks,” said Shamsul, who also uses mosquito repellent at his house in Taman Botani, especially in the evenings.

Lim See Fook, 62, who stays in Ulu Kinta, said he seldom visited parks and would usually take brisk walks around his housing area. He would also ensure there was no stagnant water in his house or its compound, and avoided walking around shaded areas.

“My grandchildren are down from Singa­pore, and if there is a need to bring them to any park, I would only come out of the house at about 9am. “When I go for my walks, I try to wear light colour clothing to avoid attracting mosquitoes,” he said.

Engineer Chaw Kean Yee, 37 said he normally stayed indoors during the period when Aedes mosquitoes were the most active. He said if his children insisted on coming out to play at any park, he would bring them out only after 9am.

“We seldom go out in the evenings, and all our rooms are fitted with mosquito netting. “We also make sure the windows and doors are always shut, especially in the early mor­nings and after 6.30pm’” sais Chaw.

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Mohd Shubhi  /  25.11.14  /    /  No comments

If you are in a F&B industry or in a hotel industry, please take care of your premises from being infested by pest.

Hire a licensed and professional pest control service providers to help you maintain the best standard of your place so that your business will not get any trouble.

Please read below news from NST:

MALACCA: A five-star hotel here was issued compound of RM2,250 by the state health officers after finding cockroaches in the storeroom used to keep dry food items.

Senior health officer, Dass Kandunni said the spot check also revealed there were roach eggs on the floor.

He said another offence that the officer found was that one of the kitchen helpers was wearing a ring. Kandunni said this after leading Ops Hotel in Banda Hilir here today.

Thirty enforcement officers took part in the operations. State Health and Sports Development executive councillor, Datuk Ab Rahaman Ab Karim said five out of 81 hotels checked since January have been told to suspend operations for failing to comply to Section 11 of the Food Act 1983.

Monday, November 24, 2014

Mohd Shubhi  /  24.11.14  /    /  No comments
Illegal dumpsites make up 30% of mosquito breeding grounds in Perak

ILLEGAL dumpsites make up about 30 per cent of mosquito breeding grounds in Perak and contribute to the increase in dengue cases in the state.

State Health Committee chairman Datuk Dr Mah Hang Soon said the rise in the number of cases in the city was attributed to the increase in illegal dumpsites in Perak.

He said overgrown grass, clogged drains and stagnant river flow caused by illegal dumping could have aggravated the situation.

“The state Health Department and the Ipoh City Council have been working closely to combat the problem but have failed to bring about positive change. “We have visited hotspot areas to spray, fog and educate the public on dengue. However, the cases continue to rise,” he said during a check on a vacant lot at Lim Garden here.

Please clean up your land to fight mosquitoes

The land was overgrown and strewn with rubbish making it an ideal mosquito breeding ground. A notice was sent to the premises’ owner who is residing in Australia, asking him to clean up his land. 

“If no action is taken soon, we will issue a compound. If that, too, fails, we will haul the owner to court,” he added.

Dr Mah said it was not only the state government’s onus to fight the dengue menace. “Everyone needs to do their part. Ultimately, it is for their own good and the good of the community,” he said. 

Dr Mah called on the people to report to state officials if they came across abandoned pieces of land with overgrown grass, illegal dumpsites and unclean premises.

Residents joint site check to combat mosquitoes

Also present was state Health Department director Datuk Dr Nordiyanah Hassan. Residents from Sungai Pari, who were affected by the vacant land, attended the site check.

Resident A. Jeyaraj, 74, a freelance writer, who resides in Jalan Sungai Pari, here said dengue was already present when he moved into the neighbourhood in 1980.

“However, it is getting worst because of clogged drains and stagnant water of a river nearby, which is filled with rubbish. “My wife, cousin and two nieces had dengue since July this year. “I hope the authorities will do something about it as I live in fear of getting dengue,” said Jeyaraj.

Another resident, Ng Ching Seng, 52, said he and his family have to stay indoors most of the time as they were scared of getting dengue.

“I had to fix mosquito nets on the windows of my house to protect my family members,” said Ng, adding that the abandoned land next to his house had become a dumpsite.

Status of dengue cases in Perak

Perak reportedly recorded a 178 per cent increase in dengue cases from January to mid-November this year compared with the same period last year.

Between Jan 1 and Nov 15, the state recorded 5,049 dengue cases compared with 1,816 in the same period last year. In the same period, the state also recorded 14 dengue deaths compared with two last year.

In Kinta Valley alone, there were 2,831 dengue cases and seven deaths this year compared with 614 dengue cases last year. There was no deaths recorded last year.
Source

Friday, November 21, 2014

Mohd Shubhi  /  21.11.14  /    /  No comments
We have another bakery in Penang has been sealed due to poor management of cleanliness and pest control. Before this we have a similar bakery in Jalan Keramat sealed due to same problem. But this time it's in Kepala Batas.
Another bakery with rat droppings

Read below news from NST:

GEORGE TOWN: Another bakery in the state has been sealed after their baking section was found covered with rat droppings.

The bakery in Kepala Batas was found to be just as revolting as the “Roti Bengali” outlet in Jalan Dato Keramat here. The outlet’s baking section’s floor was similarly coated with rat droppings. 

However, no rats were spotted when a 10-man party, led by the State Health Department, raided the bakery in the northern town on the Penang mainland. As a result, the department slapped the operator with a two-week closure order.

They also found an industrial fridge with mildew both inside and outside the appliance. Health inspectors found trays of bread dough and other baking items exposed to the fungus. The workers were also not properly clothed and did not use gloves and head covers while on duty.

The department’s deputy director (security and food quality division) Ku Nafishah Ku Ariffin said it could not tolerate such offences from a bakery.

““As a food processing outlet, its operator must observe the highest standards of hygiene. “Having rats scurrying in and around the premises is a big ‘no’. “The discovery of rat droppings is enough for us to book them,” she said.

Six bakeries were slapped with the temporary closure order during the day-long checks by the department recently.

Two of the bakeries were from Kepala Batas. The bakeries were sealed for two weeks after violating Section 32B of the Food Hygiene Regulations, 2009.

Also booked under the same section of the regulations were bakeries in George Town, the Seberang Perai Selatan district and the Seberang Perai Tengah District.

Meanwhile, 13 other bakeries were also issued compounds totalling RM32,500 for unhygienic practices of a lesser degree. By Muhamad Syakir Abdul Wahab

Thursday, November 20, 2014

Mohd Shubhi  /  20.11.14  /    /  No comments
Kissing bugs (pictured) are cousins of bedbugs. As if bedbugs weren’t scary enough.

A new paper says that the little creatures could transmit the deadly Chagas disease, a common cause of death in Central and South America.

If bedbugs acquire and transmit Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite that causes Chagas disease, they can transmit it through their feces, according to the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

“We’ve shown that the bedbug can acquire and transmit the parasite. Our next step is to determine whether they are, or will become, an important player in the epidemiology of Chagas disease,” said Dr. Michael Levy, assistant professor in the department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine.

Chagas is normally carried by kissing bugs, who got their name because they like to bite around a person’s mouth. While they’re snacking, they often defecate, and because the bite itches, when people scratch it they spread the parasite and it could get into their body.

If the kissing bugs carried T. cruzi, the person could get Chagas and die via stealthy means caused by the bug, like heart disease or digestive failure.

Kissing bugs assault internal organs like the heart, with results that aren’t seen until decades after infection. Bedbugs are a cousin of kissing bugs, so scientists wanted to see if the same results would happen if a bed bug acquired the parasite.

Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia in Peru let 2,000 bedbugs feed on mice that were infected with T. cruzi.

The bedbugs were so full of T. cruzi at the end of the experiment that one scientist remarked he had “never seen so many parasites in an insect.”

Then, when those infected bugs snacked on uninfected mice, 9 out of the 12 had developed an infection. But don’t panic just yet.

The studies were done in labs, on mice, so we don’t know that bedbugs can actually transmit the disease, and do so to humans.

More research is needed, according to Dr. Jim Fredericks, chief entomologist and vice president of technical and regulatory affairs for the National Pest Management Association.

“Over the past several years we have learned more about bedbugs than ever before, but this latest research underscores that there’s a lot more to learn,” he told the Daily News.

Because the T. cruzi parasite can live in pets, and kissing bugs are thought to spread as the climate gets warmer, this problem could get worse in time.

The National Pest Management Association recommends inspecting mattress seams — particularly at corners — headboards, sofas and chairs for bedbugs, especially when traveling, and inspecting suitcases upon a return home because bedbugs travel by hitching rides.

It also recommends washing all clothes packed — even those not worn — in hot water after returning from a trip to kill any lingering bugs. Source

Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Mohd Shubhi  /  19.11.14  /    /  1 comment
When we have a pest free food outlets, we can ensure ourself eating at a safe place. There are two important things to be done in order to have a pest free food outlets:

  1. Maintain a high standard of cleanliness - This is the most important factor to be implemented.
  2. Hire a profesional pest control company - To complete the effort of pest eradication by implementing a Integrated Pest Management program.

But unfortunately, our food outlets operators always take the issues of cleanliness for granted. Even thought they hire the best pest control service providers in town to cater their pest problems, they are just wasting their time and effort.
First step towards pest free food outlets

Therefor, the move by Klang Municipal Council calling public to boycott dirty eateries in Klang is a first step towards a pest free in food outlets.

Read below report from The Star on this issues:

Public urged to boycott dirty eateries

IN A BID to raise awareness on cleanliness, the Klang Municipal Council has called on the public to stay away from dirty eateries. Council president Datuk Mohammad Yaacob said it was high time for the public to boycott unhygienic food outlets.

Mohammad said many operators had failed to improve the cleanliness in their premises and the public should not patronise these outlets. Mohammad said he was dissapointed with the cleanliness standard of most of the food outlets in the royal town.

He said a majority of the outlets were rated ‘B’ and ‘C’ by the council’s Health Department and it was a true reflection of the overall cleanliness standards. “Almost half of the eateries obtain ‘C’s while only a small number scored ‘A’s.

“I am surprised to find that some of the most popular outlets in town were given ‘C’ ratings,” he said . Mohammad added that many of these outlets seemed to be packed with customers in spite of the cleanliness levels.

“Customers should stop patronising such outlets so that the operators will realise that they have to improve the cleanliness level of their premises. “We should not only look for good food but ensure the premises are clean,” he said.

On its part, Mohammad said, the council would continue with its enforcement action against the dirty eateries.

Meanwhile, three new councillors, Azmizam Zamanhuri, Nor Ain Eusoff and Sundarajoo, were sworn into the council. Azmizam is appointed to the finance and assessment, infrastructure and public amneties, licensing and entrepreneur development committees.

Nor Ain will serve on the licensing and entrepreneur development, housing and illegal building management, audit and corporate management committees. Sundarajoo is appointed to the finance and assessment, infrasture and public amnenties and health, environment and community.

source of news here

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